The human body is like a very complicated machinery. It needs many components and materials in order to run properly. Now, if you are quite familiar with the thing called as vitamins, you would have an idea of how important it is for the body. Vitamins are actually those nutrients that are contained in food and which we gain once we digest foods. These are categorized into two large groups which are the water-soluble and the fat-soluble vitamins. The former dissolves in water and are not stored in the body while the latter gets mixed in with fat before being absorbed in. Excess fat-soluble vitamins get accumulated in the liver.
The types of vitamins classified under this category include A, D, E, and K. Yes, these vitamins get stored in the body. However, too much or mega doses of any of these would turn toxic and could cause complicated health problems. Now, fat soluble vitamins deficiency is also a problem that we could potentially have. We know that proper diet would give us good levels of these kinds of vitamins. For this matter, we would just discuss here about things you should know about the lack of each specific fat soluble vitamin.
We could get started with Vitamin A. Its deficiency could lead to poor eyesight and a condition called as xerophthalmia. We all know this as night blindness. The condition could also be characterized by rough skin, low immunity, inferior development of the teeth, and even bone growth that has been obviously slowed down.
Next would be Vitamin D. Since we know that this type of vitamin is mostly responsible for normal development of muscles and bones, we could have an idea of the condition its deficiency could produce. Yes, these are conditions like osteoporosis, rickets, and even the highly confusing osteomalacia. This type of fat soluble vitamins deficiency can be treated easily by eating vitamin-fortified food items.
When it comes to Vitamin E, which is a powerful antioxidant, it is hard to detect a deficiency. This is due to the fact that it rarely happens. The most vulnerable to this type of deficiency are those babies that have been born premature and have no capacity to digest and carry on absorption of fats.
The last one is Vitamin K which is a vital component for the functioning of the circulatory system. Even if this is normally produced in the body, the amount needs to be supplemented by proper diet. The most common symptom of this type of fat soluble vitamins deficiency is hemorrhaging. The body’s clotting abilities are reduced when levels of vitamin K has been brought down by antibiotic intake or lack of foods that contain this nutrient.
If you suspect that you have any of these deficiencies, the best course of action is to consult your physician first. We might be tempted to do our own version of supplementation since we know about many sources of these types of vitamins. Remember that when it comes to vitamins, too little or too much would always be bad for our health.